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Oral history interview with Volter Simoni

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.217 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0217

Volter Simoni, born in Vienna, Austria in 1919, discusses activities in the youth section of the Social Democratic party; activities in the Zionist movement until 1938 when he fled Austria; rising antisemitism with the advent of Hitler in 1933; fleeing from Austria to Germany and then to Brussels, Belgium in 1938; his internment in a refugee camp in between Brussels and Antwerp, in Mechelen, Belgium, for fifteen months; learning agriculture in Mechelen camp; leaving Mechelen camp and working in agriculture in Bekkevoort, on the border with Holland where he worked on a private farm; how after the German entrance into Belgium he was returned to Mechelen, which had become a place for Jewish detainees, on July 28, 1942; being sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau in August 1942; working in a quarry in Goleszow; traveling by train to Sachsenhausen in April 1945; being brought to the Henkel factory; marching north to Schwerin, Germany; returning to Belgium; writing his memoir; his immigration to Brazil in 1946; and immigrating to Israel in 1967.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Volter Simoni
interview:  1995 August 25
3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:28:54
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