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Oral history interview with Israel Miller

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.254 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0254

Israel Miller, born in January 1922 in Hanušovce nad Topl'ou, Slovakia, describes being one of six children; one brother's illness and death; attending a Jewish school, then yeshivas in Šurany and Galanta; Slovak independence; anti-Jewish restrictions; forced labor building roads; how the synagogue burned down in 1939 or 1940; escaping with a friend to Sátoraljaújhely, Hungary in 1942; assistance from local Jews; visiting his brother in Košice, Slovakia; traveling to Sárospatak, then Budapest, Hungary; obtaining false papers; being arrested in Budapest and taken to jail, physically abused, and sent to a work camp in Zilina, Slovakia; his sister smuggling money to him in a toothpaste tube; being deported in September 1942 to Auschwitz; processing in Auschwitz and work life; slave labor unloading trains; receiving extra food from a SS guard; public hangings; obtaining a position at Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (German Equipment Factory) through a friend and working in an indoor plant that manufactured and fixed a variety of items; sharing extra food with prisoners in the hospital; praying with a group, exchanging bread for potatoes during Passover; a death march, then train transfer to Mauthausen in January 1945; being moved to a camp near Vienna, Austria, where they were finally liberated; traveling to Budapest, then home; reuniting with his sister; moving to Bratislava, Slovakia; his marriage in 1947; his illegal immigration to Palestine; serving in the military during the 1948 war; retaining his religious faith in Auschwitz; and his almost fifty grandchildren representing his victory over Hitler.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Israel Miller
interview:  1995 April 07
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2020-08-03 11:26:24
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