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Oral history interview with Ya'akov Movshovich

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.270 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0270

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ya'akov Movshovich, born in Lódz, Poland in 1925, describes being one of two children; his family's affluence; attending a Polish school, then a Katzenelson school and summer camp; antisemitic harassment of orthodox Jews; volunteering in a civil defense corps during the German invasion; doing forced labor; a German assisting his father receive payment for his store merchandise; ghettoization; receiving food from the same German; attending a school and a haschshara in the ghetto from 1940 to 1941 and how it moved to Marichin (possibly Marysin); slave labor in a shoe factory, then a printing factory; his father working in a wood shop and his mother working in a kitchen; receiving extra food from the manager when a songwriter among them wrote songs (he sings one of them); food shortages and hunger in 1942; hiding with his family during round-ups; their deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau in 1944; arriving in Auschwitz and volunteering to work as a locksmith; being separated from his family; trading his shoes to a Kapo for food; being taken by train to camp Friedland (in Mieroszów, Poland); training, work, and life in the camp; slave labor in an airplane propeller factory; Italian POWs believing he was Italian and giving him food, cigarettes, and a coat; working in the kitchen; throwing food to fellow prisoners; a religious prisoner refusing to eat bread during Passover; making and obtaining weapons to resist if there was a liquidation; the lack of medical treatment in the camp; how escapes were accomplished; receiving assistance from a German guard; abandonment by the Germans; liberation by Soviet troops; traveling to Czechoslovakia, then back to Friedland for six months; traveling to Lódz with a group and one of them being killed en route by Poles; assisting with Jewish emigration to Palestine; immigrating to Israel in 1958; the deaths of almost his entire family in the Holocaust; and the birth of his son. He also shows photographs.

Interviewee
Ya'akov Movshovich
Date
1996 January 11  (interview)
Language
Hebrew
Extent
5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-07-11 15:49:09
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn503108