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Oral history interview with Shlomo Peleg

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.275 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0275

Shlomo Peter Peleg (né Polizter), born in 1925 in Vienna, Austria, describes growing up in Čadca, Slovakia; his family, including the backgrounds of his parents; being raised in a well-to-do family; attending a Jewish school; living a rather secular lifestyle; attending high school nearby in Žilina, Slovakia; how interactions between Jews and Gentiles was rare in Čadca; local antisemitism; participating in Maccabi; the arrival of Jewish refugees from Germany; how the National Slovakian Hlinka Party made threats on the Jewish population after the Sudetenland crisis; Slovakia declaring its independence; the pro-Nazi Slovak government; Jewish businesses being transferred to non-Jews and other anti-Jewish laws; his life in those years and the youth movement; deportations beginning in February 1942; his fathering being allowed to stay because he was a physician; his family being helped by Lanomicus Vicarious Archbishop; getting papers as a non-Jew (with the name Stephan Markuliak) and finding work 20 kilometers away in a division of the public works; being transferred to his parents’ jurisdiction under his real name; the underground movement getting organized in 1944; the organization of bunkers in preparation for a revolt; the rebellion and the Germans taking command of the village; hiding in the woods for a few weeks; and being liberated by the Russians.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shlomo Peleg
interview:  1996 February 01
3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-08-03 11:26:24
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