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Oral history interview with Martin Moses

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.287 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0287

Martin Moses, born in 1925 in Tirgu Mures, Romania, discusses his early family life; participating in Deror-ha-Bonim; the Hungarian occupation; anti-Jewish restrictions, including his expulsion from school; attending a private school in Budapest, Hungary; obtaining false papers; returning from Budapest in 1943 in order to locate his parents when he heard his town had been ghettoized; his mother being taken away; being sent to Birkenau along with his father; separation from his mother; volunteering for kitchen work; a German guard, and former friend, beating him, then ordering the cook to give him extra soup; being sent with his father to a forced labor camp in Lille, France; working as a painter; being beaten for stealing food; joining his father's group carrying equipment into an underground munitions factory; local children and civilian workers giving them extra food; a public hanging of three escapees; a death march and train transfer to Dachau; his father's hospitalization and death; train transfer; escaping with a group (several were shot); hiding in abandoned houses; liberation by United States troops; transferring to Garmish-Partenkirchen displaced persons camp; prisoners killing a Kapo; working as a driver for the UNRRA; his form of revenge; returning home seeking relatives (none survived); establishing haschsharas in Medias and Turda in Romania; assisting with illegal emigration to Palestine; the arrest of members of his Zionist group; his marriage in 1948; attending university in Timisoara, Romania; immigrating to Israel via Vienna with his wife and mother-in-law in 1959; having physical ailments from the camps; and not attending Holocaust memorial events in order not to relive his experiences.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Martin Moses
interview:  1996 August 01
3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:10
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