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Oral history interview with Kalman Arieli

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.307 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0307

Kalman Ariele (né Aharonowitch), born in Kovno (Kaunas, Lithuania) in 1928, discusses his family and education; experiencing antisemitism; how life changed when the Russians came to Lithuania; his father being taken to a work camp and killed; Lithuanians robbing Jewish homes; moving to the Kovno ghetto with his mother; being sent to work on the construction of an airport; the orchestra in the ghetto; the Actions in the ghetto and murder of people at the Ninth Fort (Devintasis fortas); the social life in the ghetto; hiding during a Kinder Action; hangings in the ghetto and the killing of Russian POWs; the liquidation of the ghetto and his transport by train to Stutthof; his transfer to Landsberg; being taken, with 16 other boys, to Dachau where he stayed for seven months; his arrival and initiation at Birkenau; his job at Birkenau was to clean up the garbage; the illnesses in camp; ghetto songs; being marched then taken by train to Mauthausen; being marched to camp Gunskirchen; cannibalism; being sick and weak; being liberated by Americans and sent to a hospital in Udine, Italy then one in Milan, Italy; befriending an Italian priest and an Italian partisan named Joseppe Riegler, who later adopted him; attending a conservatory where he learned to play the accordion; immigrating with his adopted father to Israel in 1951; marrying and joining the Israeli Army, where he played in the army band; teaching and performing after the Army; getting married; adopting a girl after the war and having four grandchildren; and reuniting with a group of child survivors every year.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Kalman Arieli
interview:  1996 November 14
5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:29:14
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