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Oral history interview with Gerda Kroitzer

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.330 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0330

Gerda Steinfeld (née Kroitzer), born on August 15, 1932 in Hanover, Germany, describes her family; the thriving Jewish community; her father’s service in WWI; her father being forced to retire in 1935; anti-Jewish laws; Jews being forced to live in crowded houses; suffering as a child in those years and not being able to attend school; witnessing one of Hitler’s speeches in a public square; Kristallnacht and the synagogue burning; moving to a nursing home with her family for six months; the growing suicide rates among German Jews; her family discussing emigration; evacuation from Hanover on July 24, 1942; being sent to Terezin; the crowding, lice, and illnesses; becoming ill, possible with TB; her social life in the camp; the deportations to Birkenau; celebrating her Bat-mitzvah; her notebook that contained notes from her lessons in the camps; the theatrical and musical performances in her Block; liberation; returning to Hanover and the destruction there; antisemitism in Hanover in the 1950s; the black market in Hanover; immigrating to Israel; and how her survivor’s guilt moved her to research the Holocaust.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Gerda Kroitzer
interview:  1998 January 14
10 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:45:56
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