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Oral history interview with Helene Baraf

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1990.361 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0015

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    Oral history interview with Helene Baraf


    Interview Summary
    Helene Baraf, born July 24, 1927 in Antwerp, Belgium, discusses her family and her childhood in Antwerp before World War II; her family's move to the United States in 1937; her return to Belgium with her mother and brother in 1940; traveling to France with her family by train and on foot after the Germans entered Belgium; her family's life in Lille, France; her brother's arrest by the Gestapo and eventual deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau for failing to properly display his Star of David on his coat; her and her mother's arrest by the Gestapo and their escape during a round up; their rescue from a small hiding place by the members of the underground resistance; her time spent hiding in a convent with other Jewish children in Lille; her attempts to conceal her identity with an assumed name and falsified identification documents; her move from the convent to a "Protestant community" in Roubaix, France, where she attended high school and remained with her mother until after World War II; her friendship with a girl from Roubaix whose family sheltered her and her mother for period of time during the war; the divorce of her parents shortly after the war; and her life in the United States after 1969.
    Helene Baraf
    Linda G. Kuzmack
    interview:  1990 March 15
    creation: Washington (D.C.)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    1 videocassette (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Interview can not be used for sale in the Museum Shop.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Baraf, Helene, 1927-
    Corporate Name
    Germany. Gestapo

    Administrative Notes

    Linda Kuzmack, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, conducted the interview with Helene Baraf on March 15, 1990 in Washington, DC.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:00:17
    This page:

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