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Oral history interview with Icek Baum

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0017

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Icek Baum, born in Warsaw, Poland on January 1, 1925, describes growing up with six siblings; his father working as a tailor for the German Army but dying when he was young; having to go to the Krochmalna Street orphanage for Jewish children with his brother, Erwin, because of the economic hardships faced by his family after his father’s death; his family and orphanage being forced into the Warsaw ghetto after the German invasion; moving between the Polish section of Warsaw and the Jewish ghetto by selling meat in the ghetto for a Polish butcher; escaping to Plońsk, Poland when the Germans started clearing the ghetto; returning to Plońsk to be with his mother but soon being placed on one of the first deportations to the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland in 1942; the death of his mother and sisters in the gas chambers; working on the construction of the concentration camp with munitions and airplanes in the Buna factory run by IG Farben in Monowitz; being forced on a death march with 18,000 other prisoners on January 18, 1945; Soviet soldiers liberating him in May 1945 and reuniting with two of his brothers after the war; living in Belgium before immigrating to Canada; and marrying Zina Schulz Baum, who was also a Holocaust survivor, in the late 1980s.

Interviewee
Icek Baum
Interviewer
Randy M. Goldman
Date
1994 July 05  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
4 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection