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Oral history interview with Ernest Koenig

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0112

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ernest Koenig, born on May 19, 1917 in Vienna, Austria, describes his family; moving to Miroslav, Czechoslovakia, where he spent most of his childhood; attending university in Paris, France when the Germans annexed the Sudetenland in 1938; the expulsion of the Koenig family from Miroslav; returning to France to enlist in a Czech unit of the French Army in October 1939; the fall of Paris to the Germans in the spring of 1940 and staying in France working as a private tutor; his incarceration in 1940 in Le Vernet labor camp, where he worked as the camp postmaster; his deportation to the Kozle concentration camp in September 1942 and then to various other concentration camps in Poland, including Bismarckhütte, Laurahütte, and Blechhammer; escaping the death march from Blechhammer by hiding in a storage barrack until he was liberated by the Russians in January 1945; being sent to a repatriation camp in Czestochowa, Poland after the war; joining his brother in 1946 in England, where he reunited with his sweetheart Elizabeth and married her in 1947; immigrating to the United States in February 1948 because of Elizabeth’s status as a citizen; enrolling in an American university and receiving a master’s degree in 1950; and moving to Washington, DC, where he got a job with the United States Agriculture Department.

Interviewee
Ernest Koenig
Interviewer
Linda G. Kuzmack
Date
1991 July 01  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection