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Oral history interview with Ernest Koenig

Oral History | Digitized | RG Number: RG-50.030.0112

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    Oral history interview with Ernest Koenig


    Interview Summary
    Ernest Koenig, born on May 19, 1917 in Vienna, Austria, describes his family; moving to Miroslav, Czechoslovakia, where he spent most of his childhood; attending university in Paris, France when the Germans annexed the Sudetenland in 1938; the expulsion of the Koenig family from Miroslav; returning to France to enlist in a Czech unit of the French Army in October 1939; the fall of Paris to the Germans in the spring of 1940 and staying in France working as a private tutor; his incarceration in 1940 in Le Vernet labor camp, where he worked as the camp postmaster; his deportation to the Kozle concentration camp in September 1942 and then to various other concentration camps in Poland, including Bismarckhütte, Laurahütte, and Blechhammer; escaping the death march from Blechhammer by hiding in a storage barrack until he was liberated by the Russians in January 1945; being sent to a repatriation camp in Czestochowa, Poland after the war; joining his brother in 1946 in England, where he reunited with his sweetheart Elizabeth and married her in 1947; immigrating to the United States in February 1948 because of Elizabeth’s status as a citizen; enrolling in an American university and receiving a master’s degree in 1950; and moving to Washington, DC, where he got a job with the United States Agriculture Department.
    Ernest Koenig
    Linda G. Kuzmack
    interview:  1991 July 01
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Interview can not be used for sale in the Museum Shop.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Koenig, Ernest, 1917-

    Administrative Notes

    Linda Kuzmack, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch, conducted the oral history interview with Ernest Koenig on July 1, 1991.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:00:49
    This page:

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