Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Oral history interview with Bert Fleming

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0365

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Bert Fleming, born on September 17, 1916 in Hannover, Germany, describes attending school until 1936 when he could no longer go because of the Nuremberg Laws; participating in Maccabees activities to sabotage the Germans from 1935 to 1937; his arrest for suspected terrorism in 1936 but only remaining in prison for three weeks; being moved into Zbąszyn as a stateless Jew and remaining there until six weeks before the war, when he went to Czestochowa, Poland; moving to the Lódz ghetto because his sister served as Chaim Rumkowski’s private secretary; organizing the ghetto’s labor department by registering all 200,000 ghetto inhabitants for food and ration cards; meeting and marrying his wife while in the ghetto; being on the last transport from Lódz in 1944 and going to Sachsenhausen, while his wife went to Ravensbrück; his transfer to Königswüsterhausen to work in a factory making supplies for the Eastern Front; the liberation of Sachsenhausen by the Soviet Army on April 27, 1945; sneaking into the American zone with his father; working with the United States Army as an interpreter for several days; returning to Hannover and finding work helping survivors; reuniting with his wife ten months after their liberation; and immigrating to the United States with Irene and their daughter.

Interviewee
Bert Fleming
Interviewer
Joan Ringelheim
Date
1996 May 16  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..