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Oral history interview with Anna Maxell Ware

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0427

Anna Maxell Ware, born January 31, 1922, describes her life growing up in Grodno, Poland (Hrodna, Belarus), where her parents settled after fleeing Russia in 1919; her move to Kraków, where she considered becoming a doctor until the schools were closed by the Nazis; witnessing the German destruction of Kraków; marrying a Hungarian to gain Hungarian citizenship and avoid going into the ghetto; moving out to the country with her husband’s family when the Nazis evicted them from their home; her return to Kraków in time to see her father deported in the first transport from the ghetto; watching the liquidation of the Kraków ghetto and confining herself in her house with her husband; her deportation and arrival at Bergen-Belsen in May 1944; her transport to Birkenau and going through its showers; being beaten by a female Kapo; losing most of her hearing and then contracting several diseases that have remained with her since; discovering she was pregnant but then losing the child once in the camps; buying a knife and a cyanide pill while still in Auschwitz; returning to Bergen-Belsen where she contracted typhus but was then liberated by the British; meeting her American cousin, an army soldier, in the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp; leaving for America to live with her aunt and uncle in February 1946; learning British and American history before applying for her American citizenship; marrying a doctor in 1947 and moving to Michigan; applying for restitution from the German government; moving around the United States and starting her own family; and working with children in her community.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Anna M. Ware
Arwen Donahue
interview:  1996 April 01-1996 April 04
Oral histories.
8 sound cassettes (60 min.).