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Oral history interview with Ginetta Sagan

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0301 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0458

Ginetta Sagan, born in 1923 in San Colombano al Lambro, Italy, describes her childhood; her friendships and activities with the Italian anti-fascists before World War II; the fear and anger when intellectuals and others critical of Mussolini were executed or imprisoned; her involvement with the Italian Mountain Club and meeting people with different political ideologies; the kindness that most Italians displayed towards victims of persecution; the racial laws of 1938 instituted by Mussolini; receiving news about Nazi atrocities from Italian soldiers in occupied countries; her parents' efforts to protect her from persecution; her involvement with the Italian resistance; her job as a secretary at the headquarters of the Italian Air Force in Milan; the underground press and the organization and integration of various anti-fascist groups; her growing dislike of politics and her uneasiness with the Communists' plans for post-war Italy; her role in supervising three apartments where the resistance hid materials and people; spies and methods of communication in the resistance; the arrest of her parents and their pre-arranged plan for her to go into hiding; the chaos in Italy after the armistice with the Allies in 1943 and its repercussions for the Germans; her assistance in smuggling people over the border to Switzerland; her capture in February 1945 and the torture she endured; and her rescue in April 1945 and recuperation.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Ms. Ginetta Sagan
Joan Ringelheim
interview:  1999 September 23-1999 September 24
Oral histories.
5 sound cassettes (60 min.).