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Oral history interview with Lucia Franco

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0431 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0452

Lucia Franco, born in 1921, discusses growing up in Kos, Greece; the relationships among Turks, Greeks, and Italians in Kos and between Christians and Jews; the Italian occupation of Kos and the racial laws that Italian authorities reluctantly enforced; the lack of concern of the Jewish community in Kos about Hitler and the Nazis during the first years of World War II because of their remote location and the leniency of the Italian occupation; the arrival of Germans in Kos after the 1943 Italian armistice with the Allies; the round-up of the Jews of Kos by the Germans in July 1944; the attempt of the Mother Superior of a local convent to prevent the deportation of her mother and her mother's refusal to be separated from her family; the massacre of 300 Italian soldiers by the Germans in Kos; the deportation by boat to the mainland of Greece where their baggage was looted by Germans and then the train trip to Auschwitz; selections for the gas chambers at Auschwitz; difficulties with the different languages spoken at the camp; religious observances in the camp; differences in work details for men and women prisoners; life in Landsberg concentration camp; her mother receiving a favorable work assignment from a Kapo; liberation; spending time in Italy as a refugee and her return to Kos; moving to Italy and marrying an Italian soldier she had known in Kos; and living in Jewish communities in Africa and then immigrating to Belgium.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Lucia Franco
Amy Rubin
interview:  1997 June 04
Oral histories.
3 sound cassettes (74 min.).