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Oral history interview with Helena Spálová

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2011.438.2 | RG Number: RG-50.688.0002

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    Oral history interview with Helena Spálová


    Interview Summary
    Helena Spálová, born May 28, 1928 in Hlohovec, Slovakia, discusses her family life before the creation of the Slovak State; the local prewar economy; her mother who worked for Jewish families; the looting of Jewish stores after the Slovak State was declared; seeing a schoolmate and other Jews being deported at the train station; witnessing townspeople carry items away after they looted a family friend’s home; hearing Gardist songs played from speakers as soldiers marched; the "aryanization" of local Jewish businesses; Jewish families living secretly in basements and other hiding places; a family’s arrest after their hiding place was discovered; secretly baking matzah with other non-Jewish women; and the postwar return of Jews who were in hiding during the war.
    Helena Spálová
    Eva Riečanská
    interview:  2011 September 24
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation

    Physical Details

    1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Spálová, Helena.

    Administrative Notes

    This is a witness interview of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Perpetrators, Collaborators, and Witnesses: The Jeff and Toby Herr Testimony Initiative, a multi-year project to record the testimonies of non-Jewish witnesses to the Holocaust. The interview was directed and supervised by Nathan Beyrak.
    Funding Note
    The production of this interview was made possible by Jeff and Toby Herr.
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:26:37
    This page:

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