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Oral history interview with Paula Birnbaum

Oral History | Accession Number: 1989.346.6 | RG Number: RG-50.031.0006

Paula Birnbaum, born in 1915 in Vienna, Austria, describes her father, who was a furrier; her father taking in German Jewish refugees; the Anschluss; the arrangements for her and her brother to go to Palestine; being forced to clean by German soldiers; the reactions of Viennese to the German occupation; her family hiring smugglers to take them to Belgium; going to France in early 1941 to Paris, Bordeaux, and Marseilles and her husband going to Marseilles after being freed from an internment camp in the south of France; getting affidavits from the United States and getting visas; traveling from Spain to the US in September 1941; her mother surviving by being hidden by the French underground; learning her parents were alive from a US soldier; her brothers in Israel and her sister’s escape to England; and how Vienna changed for her after Kristallnacht and the war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Birnbaum, Paula
interview:  1986 December 09
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 20:09:36
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