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Oral history interview with Valentina Tevyshova

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.437.42 | RG Number: RG-50.674.0042

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Valentina Tevyshova, born in Zhlobin, Belarus in 1925, discusses the German occupation of Belarus; the large prewar Jewish community in Zhlobin; positive relationships with her Jewish neighbors and classmates before the war; the forced relocation of Jews into barracks; seeing German forces and local police load Jews into open trucks; the emotional reaction of bystanders; her discovery that the Jews of the town, including close acquaintances, where being shot; hearing reports that Romani people were taken away to be shot; descriptions of the mass burial pits from bystanders at the execution site; the disappearance of all of the town’s Jews, except for those who had joined the partisans; witnessing German soldiers hang two Russians at the town square; German soldiers deporting young people to work in Germany; her involvement with a partisan unit; the possibility that Jews were killed later in Zhlobin because of the burgomaster’s support of the partisans; the difficulty of joining the partisans and identifying who is a member; a prisoner of war camp in Zhlobin; cases in which prisoners of war joined the local police to survive; and differences among German soldiers in terms of the treatment of civilians.

Interviewee
Valentina Tevyashova
Date
2012 February 13
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:50:34
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn50772