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Oral history interview with Wladislawa Zawistowska

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1280.12 | RG Number: RG-50.225.0012

Władysława Zawistowska, born in 1913 in Łęczyca, Poland, describes her large, Hasidic family; participating in socialist activities; experiencing antisemitism at Warsaw University; recuperating from a broken leg in Rabka with Zionists friends; her brief imprisonment for leftist activities; moving to Łódź; the German invasion; moving to Białystok, then Stanislav (Ivano-Frankivs'ka, Ukraine) in the Soviet zone; getting married; teaching near Korolëvka (Oliievo-Korolivka, Ukraine); cordial relations with Ukrainians and Poles; sending packages to her family in the Warsaw ghetto; visiting L'viv when Germany invaded the Soviet Union; returning to Korolëvka; trips to Kolomyia; being smuggled into the Warsaw ghetto in March 1942; the deportation of her parents and sisters; escaping; receiving false papers; hiding her brother-in-law; blackmail and harassment by a Pole; helping another brother-in-law to hide; hearing non-Jews discuss the ghetto uprising; struggling to stay alive during the 1944 Warsaw Uprising; hiding until liberation by Soviet troops; working for the Ministry of Propaganda; moving to Łódź; returning to Warsaw to work for the Ministry of Commerce; her former belief in socialism which motivated her to remain in Poland; disavowing her Judaism until antisemitism in 1968 prompted her to reclaim her Jewish identity; and their survival due to the help of many non-Jews.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Wladislawa Zawistowska
interview:  1994 July
5 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:32:13
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