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Oral history interview with Fanny Federman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.8.7 | RG Number: RG-50.063.0007

Fanny Federman, born August 10, 1922 in Lokuch, Czechoslovakia, describes her religious family; having 15 siblings; how Catholics and Jews lived peacefully in her town; doing household chores; first experiencing antisemitism in 1939; being taken to a ghetto in Moonkash (possibly Mukacheve, Ukraine) and being forced to make bricks; being transported to Auschwitz; being separated from her family and going through the selection process; being shaved; how people tried to commit suicide; seeing an entire barrack of Roma exterminated; how pregnant women often give birth in the barracks and the other women would choke the new baby to spare the mother's life; her sisters in the camp; being sent to a factory in Reichenbach, where they were fed more; being forced to march to Parschnitz (Poříčí, Czech Repbulic), where they dug trenches; being taken near the Sudetenland (Czech Republic); how conditions began to change: they were fed more and allowed to take clothing from factories; how the German soldiers disappeared; traveling home with 10 women for two weeks; not finding any of her family at home; going to Bucharest, Romania; returning home and eventually being contacted by her sisters; being arrested and imprisoned because her cousins’ clandestine activities; being freed and reunited with three of her sisters; getting married and going to Dierdorf, Germany; immigrating to the United States; never telling her children her story; and still being affected by her experiences in the camps.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Fanny Federman
interview:  1989 September 07
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from Holocaust Center of the United Jewish Federation of Pittsburgh
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:49:00
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