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Oral history interview with Kátai Szilveszter

Oral History | Accession Number: 2011.288.25 | RG Number: RG-50.670.0025

Kátai Szilveszter, born in 1926, discusses the prewar Jewish population in Nagykáta, Hungary; frequenting shops owned by Jews; witnessing Jewish men being forced to work manual under guard by armed soldiers; citizens who provided food to the to the workers while a guard in the uniform of the Hungarian Army pretended not to notice; hearing about the remaining Jewish women, elderly, and children forced to wear Star of David badges and to live in a ghetto; hearing about members of the Arrow Cross’ plans to distribute a family’s land and other Jewish properties and belongings; the advice of a neighbor who was a supporter of the Arrow Cross that his mother should only shop at Christian-owned groceries; a school teacher named Aranka who told Jewish students to remove their Star of David badges because they were equal to other students; antisemitism and harassment of Jews at school; living outside of town and hearing farmers sing antisemitic songs; the return of only 21 of the 215 local Jews from deportation and labor service; guards brought to trial after the war; the 10 year prison sentence for Matyas Matolcsi who was a member of the Arrow Cross and Member of Parliament for the area; and his memory of a Jewish survivor, Ilona Braun, who shared stories about her experience in a camp.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Kátai Szilveszter
Borbála Kriza
interview:  2012 January 17
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2021-03-26 07:10:34
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