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Oral history interview with Rolf Kreisch

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0310.8 | RG Number: RG-50.486.0008

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Rolf Kreisch, born in 1927 in the Pomeranian region of Germany, discusses his family life; his upper-class upbringing; being aware of the poverty around him; his father joining the army in 1939; his education; joining the Jungvolk in 1937; graduating to the Hitler Youth a few years later; attaining the highest nonprofessional position in the organization; partaking in SS recruitment efforts as part of his role in the Hitler Youth; resisting Nazi policies by continuing to attend church; routines during the war; joining the compulsory labor service (RAD) in 1944; volunteering for the army in late 1944; fighting in the trenches on the eastern front; feeling fearful and disillusioned; being wounded in combat; Germany's capitulation; his capture by Soviet forces on the Hela Peninsula; his imprisonment in a POW camp in Minsk, Belarus; being moved to a silver mine in Czechoslovakia; fleeing the prison camp in 1949; being discharged as a POW by American forces; returning to his mother and sister in Germany; learning his father was killed in action in 1945; reflections on his parents’ prewar Jewish friends; and learning about mass killings by gas.

Interviewee
Rolf Kreisch
Date
1999 May 17  (interview)
Language
German
Extent
4 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:41:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508502