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Oral history interview with Henry Altschuler

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.52 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0052

Dr. Henry Altschuler, born March 28, 1923 in Jaroslaw, Poland, describes being educated at both Cheder and public school, where he experienced some antisemitism; Jewish life in pre-war Poland and resistance to local pogroms; his flight to Rovno (Rivne, Ukraine) with his father because a policemen warned him to escape the invading Germans; briefly returning to Jaroslaw and escaping to Hrubieszów, Poland; life in the Russian-occupied zone and after the German invasion in June 1941; being interned in Jaktorow concentration camp from 1941 to 1942; his mother helping to get him out but being caught and rearrested later; being moved with his family into the Lubazuw ghetto; his family perishing; escaping and going into hiding with a Polish family until he was caught and sent to a work camp in Lemberg; escaping but getting caught again and put into a death cell at Locki prison with two former “Kommando 1008” Jews; witnessing many murders; receiving a reprieve before being executed and being transferred to the Lemberg labor camp, where all incoming Jews were executed and he was almost beaten to death; being in Plaszow camp for six months; being liberated by Russians in 1945 and returning to Lemberg; immigrating to the United States from Germany in September 1949; the lasting emotional and physical effects of his experiences; and the Poles and Ukrainians who collaborated with Nazi as well as those who helped with Jewish resistance efforts.

Interviewee
Henry Altschuler
Date
1981 March 17  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
3 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from the Gratz College Hebrew Education Society
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:52:05
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508672