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Oral history interview with Mirjam Pinkhof

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.67 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0067

Mirjam Pinkhof (née Waterman), born May 12, 1916 in Loosdrecht, Netherlands, describes her father, who was an idealistic socialist and left Amsterdam, where he worked in the diamond trade, to found an agricultural training center on a farm in Loosdrecht in the 1920s; how her mother once belonged to an agricultural commune named “Walden”; attending the modernist school at Bilthoven, where one of her teachers was Joop Westerweel, who became a Christian rescuer of Jews; starting a private school on her parents’ farm in 1940; working until 1943 with Jews and non-Jews in the resistance movement led by Westerweel, Joachim Simon (Schuschu), and Menachem Pinkhof, whom she married in 1945; sending youths from Zionist training centers across Europe to Palestine; getting her parents freed from Westerbork through her bribe of diamonds in 1943; being imprisoned in 1944 at Westerbork and Bergen-Belsen; the deprivation in the camps and on the evacuation train, where she was kept for two weeks in the spring of 1945; Russians liberating the train in June 1945 at Trobitz, Germany; being in displaced persons camps in Luxembourg and Eindhoven, Netherlands; her husband’s work with Aliyah Bet and a Jewish Brigade group to send illegal immigrants to Palestine; the Pinkhof family obtaining legal British certificates for entry into Palestine; and settling in Haifa in 1946.

Interviewee
Mirjam W. Pinkhof
Date
1989 July 08  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from the Gratz College Hebrew Education Society
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:54:42
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508691