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Oral history interview with Nathan Snyder

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.70 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0070

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    Oral history interview with Nathan Snyder


    Interview Summary
    Nathan Snyder, born on May 21, 1926 in Unter Stanestie, Rumania (now Staneshti, Ukraine), describes the Jewish community Unter Stanestie, religious observance, and the Zionist movements; his education in cheder and public school, including the gymnasium in Czernowitz (Chernivtsi, Ukraine); experiencing antisemitism in school from the Iron Cross movement; the effects of the Russian occupation and the deportation of Jews; the German Army approaching and the local Ukrainians rounding up and murdering Jews and plundering their homes; how survivors were forced to march to Czernowitz and herded into a ghetto with Jews from other towns; the living conditions, frequent transports to Transnistria, forced labor, and some attempts at underground resistance; his adolescent experiences, including taking excursions outside the ghetto, passing as a Volksdeutsche, and having hazardous encounters with SS; the turmoil as the Russians advanced and Rumanian authorities fled and the Germans started killing Jews; risking his life to get supplies from a warehouse before the Germans blew it up; being liberated by the Russians and joining a civilian militia formed by Jewish youths to patrol Czernowitz until the Russian militia took over; life after the Russian occupation; serving in the Russian Army in a demolition squad clearing minefields; how his commanding officer was a Jew posing as a Cossack; the chaotic conditions near the end of the war; going absent without leave and hiding for four months; crossing the border with false papers; joining the Betar and serving as a Madriach under Yehuda Avriel using a false name; his group helping others to make Aliyah to Palestine illegally; and how he avoided capture as a deserter as the Communists gained control.
    Nathan Snyder
    interview:  1984 October 11-1984 October 15
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive

    Physical Details

    5 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Snyder, Nathan, 1926-

    Administrative Notes

    The Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive conducted the interview with Nathan Snyder in Philadelphia, Pa., on October 15, 1984. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the tapes of the interview from Gratz College on September 30, 1999.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:36:20
    This page:

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