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Oral history interview with Simone Horowitz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.87 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0087

Simone Zuckermann Horowitz, born in Paris, France on June 10, 1926, describes her Polish-born parents who became French citizens; the ways her family’s life changed after the Nazi occupation; how she and her younger sister managed after her father fled to Southern France and her mother was arrested; learning after the war that her father was shot in Montluc prison on July 8, 1944 because he worked for the Resistance; how she and her sister lived in separate homes for Jewish children; joining the Jewish Scouts and delivering false papers for the underground; being arrested during a roundup of children from Jewish homes; being imprisoned at Drancy on July 21, 1944 and transported to Birkenau in cattle cars; surviving a selection; the processing of the new arrivals; conditions at Birkenau, including the frequent Appels (roll calls), meager diet, constant talk of food, and more selections; getting strength from her determination to find her father after the war; how the camp was emptied in stages; being marched out of the camp with a group of girls in January 1945 and being abandoned; how they survived; walking back to Auschwitz later in 1945 and connecting with a group of French survivors; conditions in Auschwitz post-liberation; being repatriated by the French Red Cross and arriving at Marseilles, France, May 1, 1945 after stopovers in Krakow, Poland and Odessa, Ukraine; returning to Paris in September 1945 after living briefly in an orphanage and with relatives; resuming her education; entering the United States on a student visa in the fall of 1948 to join her American relatives; completing her education and meeting her husband; and how her reluctance to talk about the Holocaust to her children affected their relationship.

Interviewee
Simone Z. Horowitz
Date
1999 October 19  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from the Gratz College Hebrew Education Society
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:57:58
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn508728