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Oral history interview with Simone Horowitz

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1997.A.0441.87 | RG Number: RG-50.462.0087

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    Oral history interview with Simone Horowitz


    Interview Summary
    Simone Zuckermann Horowitz, born in Paris, France on June 10, 1926, describes her Polish-born parents who became French citizens; the ways her family’s life changed after the Nazi occupation; how she and her younger sister managed after her father fled to Southern France and her mother was arrested; learning after the war that her father was shot in Montluc prison on July 8, 1944 because he worked for the Resistance; how she and her sister lived in separate homes for Jewish children; joining the Jewish Scouts and delivering false papers for the underground; being arrested during a roundup of children from Jewish homes; being imprisoned at Drancy on July 21, 1944 and transported to Birkenau in cattle cars; surviving a selection; the processing of the new arrivals; conditions at Birkenau, including the frequent Appels (roll calls), meager diet, constant talk of food, and more selections; getting strength from her determination to find her father after the war; how the camp was emptied in stages; being marched out of the camp with a group of girls in January 1945 and being abandoned; how they survived; walking back to Auschwitz later in 1945 and connecting with a group of French survivors; conditions in Auschwitz post-liberation; being repatriated by the French Red Cross and arriving at Marseilles, France, May 1, 1945 after stopovers in Krakow, Poland and Odessa, Ukraine; returning to Paris in September 1945 after living briefly in an orphanage and with relatives; resuming her education; entering the United States on a student visa in the fall of 1948 to join her American relatives; completing her education and meeting her husband; and how her reluctance to talk about the Holocaust to her children affected their relationship.
    Simone Z. Horowitz
    interview:  1999 October 19
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive

    Physical Details

    1 sound cassette (60 min.).

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    Administrative Notes

    The Gratz College Holocaust Oral History Archive conducted the interview with Simone Horowitz in Philadelphia, Pa., on October 19, 1999. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the tapes of the interview from Gratz College on October 17, 2000.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:36:26
    This page:

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