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Halina Olomucki sketch of a starving couple on a ghetto street

Object | Accession Number: 2001.122.40

Pencil drawing of an emaciated couple sitting on the street created by Halina Olszewski, (later Olomucki) postwar based upon her experiences as an internee in Warsaw Ghetto in 1943. Nazi Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, and established the ghetto in October 1940. Halina, her mother Margarit-Hadassa, and brother Moniek were relocated there. Hannah did forced labor outside the ghetto, but she felt her real job was to draw what was happening in the ghetto. By the end of 1941, starvation, disease, and death were widespread. Halina smuggled many drawings to friends outside the ghetto. In May 1943, she and her mother were deported to Majdanek in May 1943. Her mother was killed on arrival, but Halina was sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau, where she continued to create art. On January 18, 1945, she was sent by death march to Neustadt-Glewe, where she was liberated by the Allies on May 2, 1945. She returned to Warsaw and found that no family members had survived.

Artwork Title
The End
creation:  1950
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:20:10
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