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Oral history interview with John Friedmann

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0125.29 | RG Number: RG-50.233.0029

John Friedmann, born on born October 19, 1913 in Vrbove, Czechoslovakia (now in Slovakia), describes growing up in Vienna, Austria; his apprenticeship as a salesman in a linoleum business; the German annexation of Austria; being arrested and sent to a jail in Linz, Austria in August 1938; being taken by cattle car to Dachau concentration camp; the work and various prisoners in the camp; being sent to Weimar before being transferred to Buchenwald concentration camp; his work in the camp; hangings in the camp; his mother’s attempts to write to the camp officials and get John out; being released and returning to Vienna; Kristallnacht in November 1938; going to Shanghai, China in December 1938; his mother joining him in Shanghai; working as a supervisor for the trash dumps; working for the Shanghai Bus Company; having to live in the ghetto; working for Citroën Motors; getting a job in the Toyota Company, which allowed him a pass to leave the ghetto; the arrival of American troops and being hired as a foreman in the ATC (Air Transport Command); flying to Alaska with a Jewish organization in 1949; going to Vancouver then Toronto; working for Austin Motor Company; getting married in 1950; and moving to California in December 1950.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
John Friedmann
Interviewer
Anthony Young
Date
interview:  1993 April 12
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette (90 min.).
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-24 14:46:59
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn509107