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Oral history interview with Johanna Liebmann

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1992.A.0125.72 | RG Number: RG-50.233.0072

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    Oral history interview with Johanna Liebmann

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    Hanna Liebmann (née Hirsh), born November 28, 1924, discusses her childhood in Karlsruhe, Germany; attending public school, where Jews were harassed; being forced in 1936 to transfer to the Jewish school which was shared with mentally-challenged students; the damage to her home and burning of her synagogue on Kristallnacht; her arrest in 1940 along with her mother, three aunts, and grandmother at the home they shared; spending three days on a train and arriving at Oloron Sainte-Marie, France; being sent with her family to the Gurs camp; the tremendous cultural life at Gurs despite knee-deep mud and raging dysentery; working in the camp’s office, where she met her future husband; food from the Swiss Red Cross; being sent in September 1941 by a social worker to the village Le Chambon-sur-Lignon, where young people were helped to survive; hiding with villagers when Germans came to Le Chambon; escaping, alone, to Switzerland; living with an aunt’s the family; nearly having a nervous breakdown; traveling to Geneva where she reconnected with her future husband and worked as a maid; having a daughter and remaining in Switzerland until 1948 when the Swiss declined to let them stay; and immigrating to the United States in 1948.
    Interviewee
    Ms. Johanna E. Liebmann
    Interviewer
    Anthony DiIorio
    Date
    interview:  1992 March 28

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Extent
    2 sound cassettes (90 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Liebmann, Johanne, 1924-
    Corporate Name
    Gurs (Concentration camp)

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Anthony Dilorio, of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum ID Card Project, conducted the interview with Johanna Liebmann in Bayside, N.Y. on March 28, 1992.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:23:52
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn509155

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