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Oral history interview with Arthur Menke

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0125.89 | RG Number: RG-50.233.0089

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Arthur Menke, born on February 23, 1927 in Hamburg, Germany, describes how Jews were starting to suffer from persecution around 1935, and had severe restrictions after 1938; being forced with his family, like other Jews, to move from their nice neighborhood; being forced to wear the Jewish Star of David; being prohibited from sitting on benches, going to movies, or shopping in regular stores; events during Kristallnacht and how his father’s small factory (which made rubber signs) was not destroyed because the Germans did not realize he was Jewish; the arrest of his father, who was a World War I veteran, and his imprisonment in a concentration camp near Berlin for six weeks; the return of his father who was hardly recognizable after his time in the camp; the Nazi takeover of the family’s factory and bank account; working as a laborer, packing shoes in a factory; his mother, who wanted the family to leave Germany and how they waited too late in the 1930s to leave; being deported in 1940 with about 1,000 other Jews to Minsk, Belarus; his memories of the journey; being forced to walk in the snow to a school in the Minsk ghetto; and seeing dead bodies inside the building. [Note that the interview ends at this point in the story.]

Interviewee
Arthur Menke
Date
1992 February 28  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:58:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn509172