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Oral history interview with Arthur Menke

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0125.89 | RG Number: RG-50.233.0089

Arthur Menke, born on February 23, 1927 in Hamburg, Germany, describes how Jews were starting to suffer from persecution around 1935, and had severe restrictions after 1938; being forced with his family, like other Jews, to move from their nice neighborhood; being forced to wear the Jewish Star of David; being prohibited from sitting on benches, going to movies, or shopping in regular stores; events during Kristallnacht and how his father’s small factory (which made rubber signs) was not destroyed because the Germans did not realize he was Jewish; the arrest of his father, who was a World War I veteran, and his imprisonment in a concentration camp near Berlin for six weeks; the return of his father who was hardly recognizable after his time in the camp; the Nazi takeover of the family’s factory and bank account; working as a laborer, packing shoes in a factory; his mother, who wanted the family to leave Germany and how they waited too late in the 1930s to leave; being deported in 1940 with about 1,000 other Jews to Minsk, Belarus; his memories of the journey; being forced to walk in the snow to a school in the Minsk ghetto; and seeing dead bodies inside the building. [Note that the interview ends at this point in the story.]

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Menke, Arthur
interview:  1992 February 28
1 sound cassette (60 min.).
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:21:07
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