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Oral history interview with Shalom Kremarski

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.366 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0366

Shalom Kremarski, born in Łódź, Poland in 1925, describes being one of four children; his father passing away before the war began; anti-Jewish edicts and attacks against Jews; life in the Łódź Ghetto; working in Rumkowski’s workshops; the murder of his mother and his brother; life in the Marysin orphanage; the evacuation of the orphanage and staying behind to continue working his old job; being sent to Birkenau; having his arm tattooed; being transferred to Auschwitz; being taught to build and building barracks and factories; attempting to escape from Auschwitz, but being captured and taken to Sachsenhausen, where he took care of horses; being taken on a death march to Mauthausen; returning to Sachsenhausen; being sent to Lieberose (a subcamp of Sachsenhausen); being taken on a death march to Gunskirchen, where the prisoners were forced to lie in the mud and snow for three months; being liberated; being taken to an empty camp in Wels, Austria; members of the Jewish Brigade convincing the survivors to immigrate to Israel; being moved to Bologna, Italy, where they stayed for a year; preparing for the voyage to Israel and her group going to Israel in 1946; being stopped by the British; and going to Kibbutz Poriya and then Kibbutz Alonim.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Shalom Kremarski
interview:  2000 March 02
4 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:33:38
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