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Oral history interview with Moshe Givone

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.372 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0372

Moshe Givone, born in 1925 in Borsa Maramures, Romania, describes growing up in a Jewish shtetl in the Carpathian region of Transylvania, Romania; being the ninth of ten children in a very orthodox family, which supported themselves by trading, storekeeping, and farming; the Hungarians entering Borsa Maramures and expelling the Romanians in October 1940; the Hungarians being more antisemitic than the Romanians and taking the Jews’ money and belongings; the beatings and forced labor they endured for almost four years; not attending school and hiding at home; the Germans arriving in March 1944; all the Jews being ordered into the synagogue and crowded together for several days then marched to the ghetto of another town; being shaved and marched to cattle cars for the extremely difficult multiple day journey to Auschwitz; walking through the gates of Auschwitz; the selection, when his sisters, parents, and grandmother were sent to one side and he never saw them again; the survival of some of his older siblings, who had emigrated to Palestine long before the war; observing severe beatings and frequent killings; being sent with about 150 other young men to labor camps, including Sosnowitz (Sosnowiec), Lagischa, and Jaworzno; the deaths of many inmates and some escapes; the Jewish Kapos; being badly injured by a falling coal mine cart; being treated in a hospital, which was bombed in early 1945; being liberated by a Russian soldier; immigrating to Palestine, where life was difficult for five years, until he joined the Israeli Army; his older brother, who had been imprisoned in Russia, also immigrating to Palestine; being conflicted about telling even his wife about his experiences; his feelings about Germans; and his wish for no more wars.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Moshe Givone
interview:  2000 March 16
6 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:33:40
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