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Oral history interview with Moshe Greenberg

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1272.373 | RG Number: RG-50.120.0373

Moshe Greenberg, born in 1928 in Końskie, Poland, discusses being the fifth of six sons; his father who was Hasidic; having a comfortable life; German invasion; attending cheder; his father's arrest, then release weeks later; anti-Jewish restrictions, including wearing the star; his father hiding his store merchandise with a non-Jewish friend; his bar mitzvah in 1941; forced labor; the Polish supervisor who knew his father safeguarding him; former Polish customers continuing to buy merchandise from his father, which provided them with food; losing his belief in God; hiding with his family during round-ups in November 1942; deportation to Skarżysko-Kamienna with his father and three brothers in November 1943 (his mother and youngest brother remained and did not survive); slave labor in a HASAG factory; his father purchasing milk for him and his brothers when they were ill; a Polish civilian worker giving him soap; groups of prisoners praying; brief transfer to Częstochowa, then to Buchenwald; transfer with his brothers to Schlieben; an easy assignment because he was so young; running from an explosion that injured him; treatment in the local hospital; his transfer to the Buchenwald hospital (his brothers faked injuries to join him); sympathetic treatment by a Czech prisoner-doctor; visiting his father; transfer by himself to Dora; a privileged assignment as a messenger due to his German speaking ability; reassignment digging trenches when it was learned he was Jewish; public hanging of an escapee; transfer to Bergen-Belsen; corpses strewn throughout the camp; liberation by British troops; registering to go to Sweden, despite his desire for revenge; traveling to Malmö via Lübeck; kindness from the Swedes; joining a group training for immigration to Palestine; learning in Stockholm that his father and brothers had survived; illegal immigration in winter 1947; interdiction by the British and incarceration in Cyprus; assistance from the Joint; arrival in Israel; living on kibbutzim; marriage in 1949; his father's and brothers' lives in the United States and Israel; visiting Końskie with his son; a trip to Sweden in 1979 at the invitation of the Swedish government; and nightmares resulting from his experiences.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Moshe Greenberg
interview:  2000 April 06
15 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:33:40
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