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Oral history interview with Polly Bergtraun

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.302 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0302

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Polly Bergtraun (née Hertz), born in April 1925 in the Hague, Netherlands, describes her parents Alexander Leopold Hertz and Yoland Sophia (Snow); her older sister (Hella) and her twin sister (Dolly); life before the war; attending a private school; being assimilated, nonobservant Jews; rarely confronting antisemitism; trying to get visas to the United States; the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in 1940; having to billet two German officers in their home; being forced from their home and moved to less comfortable quarters; the rise of antisemitism; having to attend a rundown Jewish school and the disappearance of Jewish students over time; her family separating and going into hiding in 1942 under the protection of various Dutch families; spending three years with one family and moving to Bussum, Netherlands with them; reuniting after liberation with her mother and older sister; the death of her twin sister in Auschwitz; getting a job at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; immigrating with her mother to the United States; arriving in New York, NY and moving to San Francisco, CA; her mother's return to the Netherlands; getting married to Eric Bergtraun; having two children; her life in San Francisco; and reconnecting with her Jewish faith.

Interviewee
Mrs. Polly Bergtraun
Date
1996 March 21  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
1 videocassette (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
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Record last modified: 2018-02-14 16:56:39
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn509540