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Oral history interview with David Eiger

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1992.A.0126.11 | RG Number: RG-50.156.0011

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    Oral history interview with David Eiger

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    David Eiger (Schmuel David Eiger), born November 5, 1922 in Radom, Poland, discusses his father Isaiah (Szaja), who was an accountant and identified as a Zionist, and his mother Hannah Shoshana (Rose) Frydman, who was a homemaker and Orthodox; speaking Yiddish at home; his father spending the year of 1935 in Palestine; his father’s role as the president of Kerem Kayamet L’Yisroel, a Zionist organization; attending a Jewish day school and a Catholic high school; experiencing some antisemitism, including antisemitism from a teacher; not being allowed to attend university or join the military as a Jew; joining his uncle’s family in Lubicz, Poland at the beginning of the war; Jewish men being taken for forced labor, while others were put in two ghettos, one large and one small; the small ghetto which was liquidated; his sister avoiding deportation because she was working in the fields; being taken along with his mother to a central square where a selection was taking place; having a work pass and being let go along with his mother; 3000 Jews remaining in Radom by January 1943; being assigned the task of count loot from Jewish houses; Purim 1943 when the intelligentsia were rounded up and massacred; his mother and sister surviving a round up and massacre; living in a small room with his uncle and his brother-in-law, Jules Zaidenweber (from Lublin); being sent to a camp on Szkolna Street where they lived in barracks; being marched with his family and other prisoners in July 1944 to Tomaszów Mazowiecki; the shooting of his uncle on the journey; being detained three days before being sent to Auschwitz where men and women were separated; reuniting with his father in the camp; the deportation of his mother and sister to Buchenwald; being sent to camp Vaihingen (Wiesengrund), where he remained until April 1945; being sent to Dachau; the numerous deaths from typhoid; staying in Dachau for one day before being sent to Scharnitz, Austria and then back to the German-Austrian border; prisoners being shot by SS officers; the disappearance of the guards; marching with 50 others toward Munich, Germany; being liberated on May 1, 1945 by American troops; working in US Army kitchens for several months; going to Diepholz displaced persons camp to retrieve his mother and sister; his father reuniting with them as well; questioning his Jewish identity; spending four years in Garmisch, Germany working as an accountant; immigrating to the US and arriving in Minneapolis, MN in June 1949 as a displaced person with the help of the International Refugee Organization and HIAS; being very active in the Jewish community; being on the board of the Minnesota Federation of JCCs; his thoughts on Germany; and his wife who was born in the US.
    Interviewee
    David Eiger
    Interviewer
    Rhoda G. Lewin
    Date
    interview:  1984 February 22

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Extent
    2 sound cassettes (90 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Eiger, David.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The interview with David Eiger was conducted by Rhoda G. Lewin on February 22, 1984, as part of a Holocaust oral history project sponsored by the Jewish Community Relations Council, Anti-Defamation League of Minnesota and the Dakotas. The interview was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in October 1992.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:18:20
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn510665

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