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Oral history interview with Aron Zylberszac

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1285.44 | RG Number: RG-50.149.0044

Aron Zylberszac, born in 1927 in Łódź, Poland, describes his family; his education; the relations between Jews and non-Jews; the German occupation of Łódź in 1939; the role of the Volksdeutsch; the collaboration of Poles with Germans; the survival of his family after the confiscation of their business; the public execution of Jews; German behavior towards Jews; the creation of the ghetto in 1940; the overcrowding and starvation in the ghetto; suffering from cold; the ghetto administration; the fate of deportees; cases of madness; the lack of contact with the outside; attempts at sabotage; religious life; the destruction of the synagogue; being sent to Birkenau in 1944; being separated from this parents; Kapos; the treatment of Romanies; the atrocities committed against Jewish children in the Łódź Ghetto; the contrast in food between the ghetto and Birkenau; being sent to Auschwitz; the food and selections; working in a factory; being sent to Buchenwald in January 1945 and the journey there; conditions in the camp; the killing of Kapos from other camps by inmates; being sent to Rehmsdorf (Troglitz) in 1945; working in sand pits; the necessity of conserving energy in the camps; the pollution of the water supply; being sent to Theresienstadt in April 1945; the Allied bombing of the train during the journey to the camp; being liberated; the German use of camp for propaganda; the generosity of Czechs towards inmates; the attitude of Russian liberators; the psychological impact of being released; the long term effects of incarceration; the impact on his religious beliefs; the behavior of German guards; crime in the Łódź Ghetto; cannibalism amongst Russian POWs; and details of his family.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Aron Zylberszac
Date
interview:  1985 December 23
Language
English
Extent
3 sound cassettes (90 min.).
 
Record last modified: 2020-04-07 10:59:58
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn510852