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Oral history interview with Ethel Kaplan

Oral History | Accession Number: 1993.A.0095.34 | RG Number: RG-50.163.0034

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Ethel Kaplan (nee Etie Bronsztien), born June 15, 1920 in Kolki, Poland (possibly now in Ukraine), describes her father dying in 1925; her mother running an oil factory; attending Polish public schools then school in Rivne, Ukraine; the Russian occupation from 1939 to 1941 and the confiscation of Jewish businesses; having to work for the Russians; leaving Kolki with others in June 1941 and sleeping in barns and train stations as they headed east; being sent by the Russians to a collective farm in Xilla; making parts for guns; getting sores from malnutrition; going to a town near Tashkent, Uzbekistan in 1943 and the diversity of residence there; returning to Kolki in 1944 and learning the fate of her family; going to Lódz, Poland in late 1944; getting married in May 1945; having a business; the birth of her daughter in 1946; going to Berlin, Germany and staying in a displaced persons camp for a year; living in Kassel, Germany; receiving help from HIAS to immigrate to the United States in 1949; and settling in Washington, DC.

Interviewee
Ethel Kaplan
Interviewer
Gail Schwartz
Date
1988 May 27  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 sound cassettes (60 min.).
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:49:02
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511495