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Oral history interview with Ethel Kaplan

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1993.A.0095.34 | RG Number: RG-50.163.0034

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    Oral history interview with Ethel Kaplan


    Interview Summary
    Ethel Kaplan (nee Etie Bronsztien), born June 15, 1920 in Kolki, Poland (possibly now in Ukraine), describes her father dying in 1925; her mother running an oil factory; attending Polish public schools then school in Rivne, Ukraine; the Russian occupation from 1939 to 1941 and the confiscation of Jewish businesses; having to work for the Russians; leaving Kolki with others in June 1941 and sleeping in barns and train stations as they headed east; being sent by the Russians to a collective farm in Xilla; making parts for guns; getting sores from malnutrition; going to a town near Tashkent, Uzbekistan in 1943 and the diversity of residence there; returning to Kolki in 1944 and learning the fate of her family; going to Łódź, Poland in late 1944; getting married in May 1945; having a business; the birth of her daughter in 1946; going to Berlin, Germany and staying in a displaced persons camp for a year; living in Kassel, Germany; receiving help from HIAS to immigrate to the United States in 1949; and settling in Washington, DC.
    Ethel Kaplan
    Gail Schwartz
    interview:  1988 May 27

    Physical Details

    2 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Kaplan, Ethel, 1920-

    Administrative Notes

    The interview with Ethel Kaplan was conducted on May 27, 1988 as part of the Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington's oral history project to document Washington, DC area survivor's experiences of the Holocaust. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the interview on May 26, 1993.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:19:45
    This page:

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