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Oral history interview with Leon Senders

Oral History | Accession Number: 1993.A.0095.69 | RG Number: RG-50.163.0069

Leon Senders (Lazar Sederovich), born in March 19, 1923 in Vilna, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania), describes his father, who was a socialist and bid on oven-building jobs for Russian Army in 1940; the bombing of Vilna in June-December 1941; traveling with his friends to Russia; traveling to Smolensk, then to Penza, where a refugee committee gave them food; living on a collective farm, doing tractor repair work; applying to Lithuanian Division of the Russian Army; going to Balakhna in the Gorky Region of Russia; the difficult living conditions; attending school in Moscow, Russia from 1943 to 1944 and learning to build radio stations and relay messages; parachuting into Lithuania in October 1944 and helping the partisan group led by “Jurgis” (Heinrich Zimman or Henrikas Zimanas-Jurgis), who was a Jewish communist; sending radio messages to Moscow, giving them the German troop movements; going deeper to Siauliai, Lithuania and fighting Germans; going to Lazdijai, Lithuania and sending coded messages; hitching a ride to Kashudar and being arrested then released; staying for five days in a hospital in Vilna; how his entire family except his sister was killed in Ponar; staying in displaced persons camps in Poland, Prague (Czech Republic), and Vienna (Austria); going to Salzburg, Austria; getting married; crossing over the Alps to join his surviving sister in Milan, Italy; learning typewriter mechanics at an ORT school; and going to Washington, DC, where his wife’s relatives lived.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Senders, Leon
Schwartz, Gail
interview:  1988 April 28
3 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Record last modified: 2022-06-23 09:46:08
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