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Oral history interview with Leon Senders

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1993.A.0095.69 | RG Number: RG-50.163.0069

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    Oral history interview with Leon Senders


    Interview Summary
    Leon Senders (Lazar Sederovich), born in March 19, 1923 in Vilna, Poland (now Vilnius, Lithuania), describes his father, who was a socialist and bid on oven-building jobs for Russian Army in 1940; the bombing of Vilna in June-December 1941; traveling with his friends to Russia; traveling to Smolensk, then to Penza, where a refugee committee gave them food; living on a collective farm, doing tractor repair work; applying to Lithuanian Division of the Russian Army; going to Balakhna in the Gorky Region of Russia; the difficult living conditions; attending school in Moscow, Russia from 1943 to 1944 and learning to build radio stations and relay messages; parachuting into Lithuania in October 1944 and helping the partisan group led by “Jurgis” (Heinrich Zimman or Henrikas Zimanas-Jurgis), who was a Jewish communist; sending radio messages to Moscow, giving them the German troop movements; going deeper to Siauliai, Lithuania and fighting Germans; going to Lazdijai, Lithuania and sending coded messages; hitching a ride to Kashudar and being arrested then released; staying for five days in a hospital in Vilna; how his entire family except his sister was killed in Ponar; staying in displaced persons camps in Poland, Prague (Czech Republic), and Vienna (Austria); going to Salzburg, Austria; getting married; crossing over the Alps to join his surviving sister in Milan, Italy; learning typewriter mechanics at an ORT school; and going to Washington, DC, where his wife’s relatives lived.
    Leon Senders
    Gail Schwartz
    interview:  1988 April 28

    Physical Details

    3 sound cassettes (60 min.).

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Senders, Leon, 1923-

    Administrative Notes

    The interview with Leon Senders was conducted on April 28, 1988 as part of the Jewish Community Council of Greater Washington's oral history project to document Washington, DC area survivor's experiences of the Holocaust. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the interview on May 26, 1993.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:19:58
    This page:

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