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Oral history interview with Eva Ehrlich

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0129.11 | RG Number: RG-50.029.0011

Eva Ehrlich (née Hevesi), born in 1924 in Budapest, Hungary, discusses the thriving Jewish community in Budapest before the war; her grandfather who was the Chief Rabbi of Hungary; her father succeeding her grandfather; how when war began, little changed, except Jews had to go to labor camps on the Russian front instead of into the military; the German occupation of Hungary; Eichmann’s headquarters in the mountains of Buda, Hungary; how Eichmann summoned Jewish community leaders and told them what to expect; her father going several times to Eichmann’s headquarters, but never talking about it; the formation of the Judenrat; the decry that Jews had to wear the yellow star; how in 1944 all Jews in country towns were deported and all Jewish businesses, property, and jewelry were confiscated; the Arrow Cross, who were “worse than the Nazis;” how she and her mother purchased false identification papers; her father going into hiding, but being turned in by a collaborating rabbi; being turned in with her mother, but remaining safe with some narrow escapes; her family’s reunion around the time the Russians invaded; the death of her fiancée; seeing people eating meat from dead horses in the streets; finding piles of frozen corpses at the synagogue; meeting a Hungarian in the US Army and moving with him to the US in 1947; how her father officiated at their wedding in New York City, NY; working for the Library of Congress; meeting her second husband; and learning to appreciate her good life in the US, not taking anything for granted.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Ehrlich, Mrs. Eva
Papier, Larry
interview:  1992 July 12
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Larry Papier
Record last modified: 2022-06-16 09:48:10
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