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Oral history interview with Hanni Krispin

Oral History | Accession Number: 1992.A.0129.34 | RG Number: RG-50.029.0034

Hanni Krispin, born in March 23, 1924 in Memel (Klaipeda), Lithuania, discusses growing up in a Zionist family active in Jewish organizations; being aware of antisemitism in Memel in the 1930s; moving to Kaunas, Lithuania in 1938 to attend a Jewish school; trying to immigrate to Palestine; how the Russian occupation of Kaunas in June 1940 ended any plans to move to Palestine; seeing the Germans arrive on June 21, 1941; her parents disagreeing over whether to flee with the Russians; Lithuanian violence a few days before the official German occupation; being taken with her family to the school, where her father was taken away; being taken to the municipal prison for a week and released for unknown reasons; the sexual assault of some of the prisoners; returning to her house; the shooting of Jews at the Seventh Fort; living and working in the Kaunas ghetto; conditions in the ghetto; the October 28, 1941, “Gross Aktion”; the various underground groups and leaders, including Dr. Elkes and Avram Wilamet; being involved in underground activities; hearing about other ghettos being liquidated and helping to build bunkers; being found and forcibly removed on July 13, 1944; being transferred to Stutthof and then to Malkin with her mother; digging large trenches; escaping from the crematoria lines many times; being part of a medical experiment; being moved to a tanker; being rescued from the ship at the end of the war; staying in Kiel, Germany and Celle, Germany; getting married to another Holocaust survivor; and eventually settling in Palestine.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Ms. Hanni Krispin
Larry Papier
interview:  1993 October 03
2 videocassettes (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Larry Papier
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 19:51:43
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