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Oral history interview with Lucy Cripps

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.9 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0009

Lucy Cripps, born in 1922 in Vilna, Poland (Vilnius, Lithuania), describes her close-knit Jewish family; her older brother and sister; her father, who was a salesman for leather goods; their grandparents living with them; attending public school, where the language was Polish; speaking Yiddish and Russian at home; the Russian occupation in 1939; the Germans declaring war on Russia in 1941 and the bombing in Vilna; the laws changing, the curfews, and having to wear a star; the roundups and deportation of Jews; the massacre of Jews and one woman’s escape; being forced into the ghetto and conditions there; working 12-hour days at the airport shoveling snow off the runways; he sister being a nurse in the ghetto; more pogroms; smuggling food into the ghetto; being taken in September 1943 to a working camp and staying with her sister when they were separated; being taken to Kaiserwald camp; working at the railroad in a group of about 250; witnessing a hanging; being evacuated at the beginning of 1944; going to a camp near the Baltic Sea; being moved between several camps; typhus in the camps; being on a ship that was bombed by the British and being injured but getting to shore with her sick sister; survivors being taken to a hospital; meeting an English soldier, Frank Cripps, who became her husband in 1953; finding her brother; going to France in July 1946; immigrating to the United States with Frank in 1954; and her reflections on her experiences in the Holocaust.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Lucy Cripps
Mrs. Toby Back
interview:  1990 July
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2021-06-11 09:01:36
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