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Oral history interview with Bronislaw Durewicz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.11 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0011

Bronislaw Durewicz, born in Kalisch (Kalisz), Poland in 1920, describes being on a high school vacation when the Germans invaded Poland in September 1939; going to Warsaw, Poland; the occupation of Kalisch; working in the technical defense of Warsaw (Red Cross, hospitals, checking buildings); the capitulation of the city; returning to Kalisch and earning money on the black market; going to Zakopane, Poland, where there was a chance to get to Hungary; being arrested by the Hungarians and sent back to Poland in the Winter of 1939-1940; returning to Kalisch; the persecution of Jews; the ghettos and the deportation of Jews; joining the Polish underground in 1941; transporting forged papers from Warsaw to Western Poland; seeing a priest being taken for execution because some weapons had been found nearby; being arrested on a train in 1943 and jumping from the train before being caught again; being in a Gestapo prison for six weeks and being beaten and telling them the wrong information; being sent to Auschwitz, where he stayed in a compound with other Polish prisoners and was tattooed for identification; working in a vegetable garden; the gassing of prisoners; being taken to Peenemunde in the summer of 1944 to unload cars; dismantling machinery used to make the V1 and V2 weapons and taking it to Thuringen for hiding in the mountains; being taken to the concentration camp Bergen-Belsen; seeing a partially sunken ship in Bremerhaven, Germany after liberation; being in a displaced persons camp in Germany and receiving training to become a welder; going to Buffalo, NY; being a lay-out inspector at Ford for many years; his thoughts on Germans and the SS; and his hope that knowledge of the Holocaust will prevent such events from ever happening again.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Bronislaw Durewicz
Mrs. Toby Back
interview:  1990 July
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:04
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