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Oral history interview with Marianne Leibovic

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.39 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0039

Marianne Leibovic, born in 1924 in Cologne, Germany, describes being the only child of her family; having a nice and protected childhood until the Nazis took over; her father’s business declining because of the boycott of Jewish firms; attending a Catholic school until age 10 and then the Jewish high school; the school being destroyed after Kristallnacht; leaving for England with a children's transport under the auspices of B'nai B’rith and going to a Jewish foster home; attending a school in London; being evacuated to a boarding school; receiving brief messages from her parents once the war started; adapting to life in England; her parents leaving Germany in May 1940 and the ship with all their belongings being sunk; conditions in Germany when Hitler came to power; the man who later became her husband, who came from a family of dentists in Lithuania and studied at Cambridge University; meeting her future husband in 1943 and getting married the following year; having three sons; the Westinghouse Corporation in 1960 bringing them to Pittsburgh, PA; training in England to become a children's nurse and working in a children's camp while her parents were trapped in Holland; her parents hiding in Holland for two and a half years; receiving occasional messages under false names through the Red Cross; visiting her parents at Christmas in 1944; her parents receiving a pension from the Germans after the war; admiring the people of Holland who helped many Jews to survive; feeling accepted in the United States; and her belief that one must make the best of Iife and learn from the Holocaust.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Marianne Leibovic
Mrs. Toby Back
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:51:34
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