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Oral history interview with Judy Schatz

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.51 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0051

Judy Hellner Schatz, born in 1918 in Berlin, Germany, describes her parents, who had come from a part of Austria-Hungary that is now in Poland; her sister’s birth in 1923; attending a Jewish school; her father having a large wine and liquor store and the family being quite well off (she shows several photographs of her family); the restrictions placed on Jewish stores in 1933 and her father going out of business; her father being ordered to leave the country and a Jewish organization helping him to obtain a visa to Italy; her father going to Milan, Italy in 1937 and her sister going to the United States with a children’s transport; she and her mother waiting five months for nonrenewable passports (she shows pictures of her family); her mother trying to open a restaurant in Milan but being unable to because of anti-Jewish laws; working for an artist but not being able to earn enough money; receiving a work permit to go to Scotland as household help; going to Glasgow in 1939 and working as maid for a nice family; going to the United States in 1941; landing in St. John's, Newfoundland and going with a group to Montreal before going to Buffalo, NY; learning in 1944 that her parents had come to the US with a group of Italian refugees who had been given temporary asylum by President Roosevelt; her father’s death; her husband and daughter; her mother’s death in 1969; and the importance of remembering the past and remaining optimistic.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Judy Schatz
Mrs. Toby Back
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:51:36
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