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Oral history interview with Carel Van Oss

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.338.58 | RG Number: RG-50.037.0058

Carel van Oss (born in 1923) describes growing up in Holland; the German occupation and not experiencing much change for about a year; his ID card, which had a “J” for Jew on it; his teachers giving two girls their Gentile ID cards to help them; finishing secondary school in 1941; becoming involved with forging identity cards and the forgery process; the Dutch view of the occupation; the rescue of Jews because of the underground movement; the underground organization forging papers to help people get food from the countryside; his mother’s death before the war and his father encouraging his activities; being a courier for the underground; some Dutch policemen helping; his estimate that he forged about 900 documents for Jews and some Allied pilots (he estimates that he saved 150 pilots); the railroad workers going on strike to interfere with the German war effort; Queen Beatrix creating the Resistance Cross (Verzetsherdenkingskruis) and being awarded this honor; obtaining a commission in the British Royal Air Force after the war; his duty screening Dutch recruits; returning to Holland; starting at the university and studying law then science; receiving a Ph.D. in Paris, France; going to Buffalo, NY, where he teaches at the medical school; being appointed Dutch Consul for Western New York; not knowing what happened to the people, for whom he forged documents; and the reasons why he participated in the resistance.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Carl Van Oss
Mrs. Toby Back
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:35:12
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