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Oral history interview with Pioter Arkadyevich Mateyevsky

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.21 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0021

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Pioter Arkadyevich Mateyevsky, born in 1917 in Cherkassy, Ukraine, describes his family and education; his service in the army; fighting German forces in Belarus, and then retreating after running out of ammunition; his desertion from his unit to find his family in Cherkassy; discovering from a neighbor that his parents had evacuated; his brother being drafted into the Soviet Army; his lack of trust for his neighbors in Cherkassy during the German occupation; leaving Cherkassy for Poltava; disguising himself as a herdsman while traveling and creating a false Russian identity; arriving and staying in the village of New Life for several months, working on a farm and playing violin for villagers; telling a German soldier that he was Ukrainian and occasionally assisting him with different household jobs; how the German soldier did not kill him when he found out he was a soldier; receiving an order to report to the authorities; his refusal to report as a result of rumors that policemen were killing people; leaving New Life; staying in the Orghiski district until hearing rumors that German soldiers from New Life were searching for him; traveling from one village to another; staying with a teacher for several months; deciding to write leaflets and asking the teacher to distribute them; joining the approaching Soviet Army; remaining with the army until victory; not knowing what happened to his parents during the war; the death of his brother on the Romanian front; and his life after the war.

Interviewee
Pioter A. Mateyevsky
Date
1994 August 06  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:45:48
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511928