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Oral history interview with Alexander Meirovich Milshtein

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.23 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0023

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Alexander Meirovich Milshtein, born in 1929 in Shargorod (Sharhorod), Ukraine, describes his family, education, and life before the war; how few people were able to evacuate at the beginning of the war; the day that German forces entered his town; the order for Jews to wear special badges; the creation of a ghetto; restrictions on the movements of the Jewish population; an incident in which he did not wear his badge, was mistaken for a Russian, and made to be a servant for German soldiers for a few days until he could escape; German soldiers who lived in his house and were kind to his family; the arrival of Romanian troops in his town; Romanian soldiers attempting to protect Jews from some orders made by German officers; Romanian soldiers giving food to the poor people of the town; the Jewish administration of the town working with Romanian soldiers to attempt to make life in the ghetto easier for its residents; deaths in his town from typhus; German soldiers taking young people from the town under the guise of a work detail; rumors that the young people had been killed since they never returned; his fear of being taken by German soldiers; hiding in the basement of an old house for several months to avoid them; acquiring a handheld transceiver from a Romanian from the Gendarmerie to give to a partisan member; the increase of partisan activity around his town; skirmishes between Romanian soldiers and partisans; the abuse of the Jewish population by local police; a member of the State Security Committee of the Russian government disguised as a priest; the lack of information in the town about the war; confusion among German forces regarding the direction in which they needed to retreat; anger among German forces ordered to retreat; hiding with his family and others in a basement to avoid harm from the German soldiers; the death of his mother; the work of his father; and his life after the war.

Interviewee
Alexander M. Milshtein
Date
1994 August 14  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
2 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511930