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Oral history interview with Dimitri Vasiloviev Mironyenko

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.24 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0024

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Dimitri Vasiloviev Mironyenko, born in 1927 in Ukraine, describes his family life before the war; changing his name in 1941 from a Jewish to Ukrainian name; changes in his hometown of Cherkassy at the beginning of the war; the retreat of the Red Army; evacuation from Cherkassy; staying with his grandmother in Kremenghug (Kremenchuk), Ukraine; moving to Poltava, Ukraine; being unable to flee Poltava due to the surrounding German forces; the drafting of his father into the Soviet military; the German invasion of Poltava in 1941; traveling to Cherkassy; including leaving his mother and sister in Poltava; being robbed by policemen outside of Cherkassy; the destruction of buildings in Cherkassy; discovering that a new family moved into his apartment and refused to leave; traveling to live with his grandmother; his grandmother conscription into labor; the murder of his grandmother with a group of other Jews; hearing about the mass murder of the Jews of Kiev; an order for the Jews of Cherkassy to gather; his understanding that he would be killed if he were to go; hiding from German soldiers; staying in a children's home where he did reveal that he was Jewish; being recognized by a few children and a teacher who did not inform the police; an incident in which friends recognized and called to him in public; the death of two of the home’s Jewish boys who were killed by police; fleeing Cherkassy after someone informed on him; staying in the village of Belozer'e (Belozersk), Russia; traveling to the village of Smela (Smila), Ukraine, and discovering that the Jewish population there was still alive; living in a home for invalids; leaving Smela in 1942 as a result of German soldiers who were killing the inhabitants of the home for invalids; traveling from village to village toward the front; the kindness of the villagers and their willingness to give him food and shelter; the theft of his documents which identified him as Ukrainian; returning to Kobylyaki and working as a herdsman; traveling toward the front in Stalingrad; working in Alexandrivka; hearing that the remaining Jews of Alexandrivka were to be killed, and seeing the trucks used to transport Jews; being taken by the police and beaten; leaving Alexandrivka because of the lack of food; working in a town near Alexandrivka which contained many prisoners of war; police fleeing the Red Army; the death of his father during the war; finding his mother and sister alive years after the war; and his life after the war.

Interviewee
Dimitri V. Mironyenko
Date
1994 August 01  (interview)
Language
Russian
Extent
3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:46:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn511931