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Oral history interview with Roza Aronovna Shkolnik

Oral History | Accession Number: 1995.A.1287.31 | RG Number: RG-50.226.0031

Roza Aronova Shkolnik, born in 1924 in Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia), Ukraine, describes her family life before the war; her father’s draft into the Soviet Army; German soldiers forcing her family to perform unpaid labor; trading clothes and other items for food; the killing of Jews by German soldiers in 1941; hiding in a basement from the German soldiers; leaving the basement and discovering that many Jews from Vinnitsa were taken away by German forces, and their houses had been robbed; being taken with a group of Jews; German soldiers beating all of the Jews, including children; telling a German soldier she was Russian in order to secure her release; being required to wear a badge labeling her as Jewish; the ability of local police to kill her at will; starvation as a result of not being able to work for money; being warned that Germans soldiers were going to kill her and her family; registration by the German authorities; expulsion from her home; a neighbor who gave her food and shelter; local townspeople helping her family with food and allowing her to work for money; the deportation of Jews from Vinnitsa; her separation from her mother; her transfer to a prison where she was taken to work; her attempt to escape from the prison during which she was caught by a policeman and transferred to the ghetto; escaping the ghetto; local townspeople helping her reach Mogil'ov; being caught by a policeman and being transferred to Pechora, and then to a camp with other Jews; deaths in the camp as a result of the lack of food and water; escaping from the camp with a friend; traveling from village to village and staying in Mogil'ov; receiving assistance from local townspeople who brought her to a school where she lived with Romanian Jews; living in Mogil'ov until 1944, working in order to buy food; returning to Vinnitsa after the Red Army came to the village; discovering her brother was alive; and her life after the war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Roza A. Shkolnik
interview:  1994 August 12
3 videocassettes (U-Matic) : sound, color ; 3/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:51:47
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