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Oral history interview with Miriam Samuel

Oral History | Accession Number: 1999.A.0122.490 | RG Number: RG-50.477.0490

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

The interviews describe Ms. Samuel's childhood in a small town in Czechoslovakia, her early experiences of antisemitism, and the fears engendered by the rise of Hitler to power in Germany. Ms. Samuel describes the occupation of their family home by Hungarian troops in 1939, the loss of the family business, and the family's arrest. She describes a three-week journey, where she endured brutal ill treatment by Ukranian police, and witnessed rapes, murders of the elderly and children, the shooting of men, and beatings. Ms. Samuel describes life in an unidentified ghetto where starvation and illness were rampant, and where her brother died of malnourishment. She discusses evading a round up of Jews for execution, hiding in the countryside with her mother, being caught and escaping again to Hungary where they lived and worked in relative safety until 1944 when she was deported to Auschwitz. Ms. Samuel describes her experiences in Auschwitz, working for an SS officer, and the death march she endured when the Nazi trooops moved the prisoners ahead of the approaching Russian Army to a military camp, where they were abandoned and then liberated by American soldiers in May 1945. She describes her return to Czechoslovakia, her marriage to a fellow survivor, their stays in displaced persons camps in Romania and Germany and the conditions there, and her immigration to the United States in February 1948.

Interviewee
Miriam Samuel
Date
1989 February 07  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 videocassettes (SVHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, acquired from Jewish Family and Children's Services of San Francisco, the Peninsula, Marin and Sonoma Counties
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:18:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn512376