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Oral history interview with Henry Bulawko

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.489.5 | RG Number: RG-50.027.0005

Henry Bulawko, born November 25, 1918 in Lida, Lithuania (now Belarus), describes his five brothers and sisters; moving with his family to Paris, France in 1925 in response to the French call for laborers; life during the occupation; the deportation of his sister with her child and husband; his father’s death in 1935; his mother going into hiding and the dispersal of his siblings, most of whom survived; the fate of his family in Lithuania; his father, who was a rabbi in Lithuania and in Paris; his family’s formal religious life; life as a foreign worker in Paris; the economic depression of 1929 and the rise in unemployment and fascism; campaigns against immigrant workers and the effects on the Jewish community; attending a Jewish school in Paris; the National Socialist youth movement; being attracted to communism because of its activity against fascism; Germany propaganda; trying to enlist after the declaration of war and being refused because he had been recently naturalized; leaving Paris with his family the day of the German invasion; working with a group to bring food to imprisoned youth; collecting money for families with imprisoned husbands and making plans to hide children; printing false identification cards; trying to convince people to leave Paris; joining a brigade of socialists who approached the communists for arms and deciding not to join the communists; being upset by the early Nazi victories; the insufficiency of the radio; not knowing about the ghettos and camps in the rest of Europe; the moral problems of resistance and loyalty to one’s family; the lack discipline in the resistance movement; and the struggle for the individual and the family to survive.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Henry Bulawko
Robert Buckley
interview:  1991 February 10
1 videocassette (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Robert Buckley